A New Look at Esau


Where Is ESAU in

Biblical Prophecy?


                                    Who is modern day "Esau" or "Edom" in terms of

                                    Biblical prophecy?  Where are the descendants of the

                                    brother of Jacob located today?  Is there a connection

                                    between Esau and the peoples of Spain, Italy, Rome,

                                    and the Germans of Central Europe?  What happened

                                    to the descendants of the brother of Jacob?  Here is

                                    the astonishing story of the titanic struggle and rivalry

                                    between Esau and Jacob down through the ages, and

                                    what is prophesied for them in the “End of Days”!


                                                        William F. Dankenbring


            A little understood but vitally important rivalry, down through the corridors of time, is briefly highlighted in the pages of Scripture.   This intense and fundamental conflict and sibling rivalry began even before the birth of the two brothers, Esau and Jacob!  Notice!


                        "And Isaac entreated the LORD for his wife, because she was barren:  and the

                                LORD was entreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived.  And the children

                                struggled together within her; and she said, If it be so, why am I thus?  And she

                                went to enquire of the LORD.  And the LORD said unto her, Two nations are

                                in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and

                                the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve

                                the younger" (Gen.25:21-23).


                Esau came out of the womb first, "red, all over like an hairy garment; and they called his name Esau ("hairy"). 


                        "And after that came his brother out, and his hand took hold on Esau's heel; and

                                his name was called Jacob ["Supplanter"]. . . . And the boys grew:  and Esau was

                                a cunning hunter, a man of the field; and Jacob was a plain man, dwelling in tents"

                                (see Gen.25:24-27).


                Esau was a man of powerful lusts and drives, and there was great competition between him and Jacob.  Isaac loved Esau and favored him, because he did eat of his venison:  but Rebekah loved Jacob" (v.28).  Esau was firstborn, but when he was hungry, he sold his birthright to Jacob for a pot of lentil or bean soup (vs.29-34); "thus Esau despised his birthright" (v.34).


            Nevertheless, when Isaac grew old, and the time came for him to bless his sons, he intended to bless Esau with the choicest blessings (Gen.27:1-4).  However, Rebekah overheard him, and Rebekah plotted with Jacob for him to impersonate Esau, and gain the blessing Isaac was about to bestow.  Thus by subterfuge and clever deception Jacob gained the blessing (Gen.27:5-38).  The only "blessing" Isaac had left to give Esau was that his dwelling would be far from the fatness of the earth.  Notice the account:


                        "Then his father Isaac answered him:  'See, away from the fatness of the earth

                                shall your home be, and away from the dew of heaven on high.  By your sword

                                you shall live, and you shall serve your brother; but when you break loose,

                                you shall break his yoke from your neck'" (Gen.27:39-40).


                The Moffatt translation has this:


                        'Far from rich soil on earth shall you live, far from the dew of heaven on high;

                                you shall live by the sword and serve your brother; but when you grow restive,

                                his yoke you shall break."


            Because Jacob got the blessing from Isaac, Esau hated Jacob with a murderous fury, and plotted to kill him.  He muttered, "It soon will be time to mourn for my father, and then I will murder my brother Jacob" (v.41, Moffatt).  He had an attitude just like that of rebellious CAIN!  As a result of this bitter hatred and threat, Jacob had to flee for his life.


                                            Origin of an Ancient Sibling Rivalry


            The book of Jasher contains a very interesting and detailed account of the strange birth of Esau and Jacob.  In this ancient rabbinic Hebrew text we read that Rebecca was barren, even after nineteen years of marriage.  Deeply concerned, she asked her husband to intreat the Lord for her, even as Abraham had done for Sarah, who also had been barren for many years.  Isaac did so, and the Lord heard his prayer, and Rebeccah his wife conceived.  We read;


                        "And in about seven months after the children struggled together within her,

                                `and it pained her greatly that she was wearied on account of them, and she said

                                to all the women who were then in the land, Did such a thing happen to you as it

                                has to me?  and they said unto her, No.


                                "And she said unto them, Why am I alone in this amongst all the women that were

                                upon earth?  and she went to the land of Moriah to seek the Lord on account of this;

                                and she went to Shem and Eber his son to make inquiries of them in this matter,

                                and that they should seek the Lord in this thing respecting her.


                                "And she also asked Abraham to seek and inquire of the Lord about all that had befallen

                                her.  And they all inquired of the Lord concerning this matter, and hey brought her word

                                from the Lord and told her, Two children are in thy womb, and two nations shall rise from

                                them; and one nation shall be stronger than the other, and the greater shall serve the younger"

                                (Jasher 26:9-12).


                The book of Jasher also tells us that "Esau was a designing and deceitful man, and an expert hunter in the field, and Jacob was a man perfect and wise, dwelling in tents, feeding flocks and learning the instruction of the Lord and the commands of his father and mother" (v.17).  But Esau had no time for godly instruction.  He was a self-filled man of vehement action and notoriety. 


            According to the book of Jasher, when Esau was 16 years of age, and already a powerful hunter, he performed a stunning feat.  We read how as a young virile man, he found the old king Nimrod, ruler of Babylon at that time, in the field hunting, set a trap for him, ambushed him, and killed him, stealing the "holy garments" he had received from his father Cush -- the very garments Ham had secretly stolen from Noah on the Ark -- the animal skins which God Himself had rendered into clothing for Adam and Eve, after their sin!  Says Jasher:


                            "And Esau at that time, after the death of Abraham, frequently went into the field

                                to hunt.  And Nimrod king of Babel, the same was Amraphel, also frequently

                                went with his mighty men to hunt in the field, and to walk about in the cool of

                                the day.  And Nimrod was observing Esau all the days, for a jealousy was

                                formed in the heart of Nimrod against Esau all the days.


                                "And on a certain day Esau went into the field to hunt, and he found Nimrod

                                walking in the wilderness with his two men.  And all his mighty men and his

                                people were with him in the wilderness, but they removed at a distance from

                                him, and they went from him in different directions to hunt, and Esau concealed

                                himself for Nimrod, and he lurked for him in the wilderness. . . .


                                "And Nimrod and two of his men that were with him came to the place where

                                they were when Esau started  suddenly from his lurking place, and drew his sword,

                                and hastened, and ran to Nimrod and cut off his head.


                                "And Esau fought a desperate fight with the two men that were with Nimrod, and

                                when they called out to him, Esau turned to them and smote them to death with

                                his sword. . . . And when Esau saw the mighty men of Nimrod coming at a distance,

                                he fled, and thereby escaped; and Esau took the valuable garments of Nimrod, which

                                Nimrod's father had bequeathed to Nimrod, and with which Nimrod prevailed over

                                the whole land, and he ran and concealed them in his house.


                                "And Esau took those garments and ran into the city on account of Nimrod's men,

                                and he came into his father's house weary and exhausted from fight, and he was

                                ready to die through grief when he approached his brother Jacob and sat before him.

                                And he said to his brother Jacob, Behold I shall die this day, and wherefore then do

                                I want the birthright?  And Jacob acted wisely with Esau in this matter, and Esau

                                sold his birthright to Jacob, for it was so brought about by the Lord" (Jasher 27:1-15).


             Obviously, Esau had aspirations of greatness at a very early age.  But he sought to attain greatness by his own merits -- by acts of violence, heroism, and might deeds of trickery, cunning, and warfare. 


                                                   The Mystery of Esau or Edom


            The book of Jubilees contains this same account of Isaac's words to Esau, after Jacob had fraudulently stolen his blessing.  It contains this remarkable prophecy:


                        "Behold, apart from the dew of the land shall be your dwelling, and apart from

                                the dew of heaven from above.  And by your sword you shall live, and you will

                                serve your brother.  And it will happen WHEN YOU BECOME GREAT [at the

                                End Time!], and you will remove his yoke from your neck, that THEN you will


                                ROOTED OUT FROM UNDER HEAVEN" (Jubilees 26:34). 


            This hatred of Esau, in the process of time, became an undying and unmitigated hatred, a hatred which was infused into his children and descendants from generation to generation.  This rivalry between these two peoples has continued down through history, and was to be a major factor in end-time prophecy!


            Says Peloubet's Bible Dictionary:


                        "Esau's bitter hatred of his brother Jacob for fraudulently obtaining his blessing

                                appears to have been inherited by his latest posterity.  The Edomites preemptorily

                                refused to permit the Israelites to pass through their land (Num.20:18-21).  For a

                                long period we hear no more of the Edomites.  They were then attacked and

                                defeated by Saul (I Sam.14:47), and some forty years later by David (II Sam.8:

                                13, 14). . . . They joined Nebuchadnezzar when that king besieged Jerusalem.  For

                                their cruelty this time they were fearfully denounced by the later prophets (Isa.

                                34:5-8; 63:1-4; Jer.49:17)" ("Edom," p.161).


                Because of the coloration of his skin at birth, Esau obtained a second name, and was called "Edom," meaning "Red" (Gen.25:25; 36:1, 8).  Names are significant in the Scriptures.  "Red" of course is the color of blood, and bespeaks a bloody type of man, and character.  The "Red horse" of Revelation bespeaks war, and Esau was a warrior and crafty hunter who "lived by the sword."  "Red" is also the color of the Beast of Revelation, identifying Esau therefore with the final "BEAST" power (Rev.17:3-5). 


            He married two wives, both Canaanites, when he was 40 years old, and because they displeased his parents greatly, he later married an Ishmaelite woman, a descendant of Abraham (Gen.26:34-35; 36:1-2).  Esau, it appears, has always been a great proponent of intermixing the populations and racial intermarriage.  His family line is also noted for incest, adulterous liaisons, and "confusion" in morality, as the Jewish Chumash, Art Scroll edition, shows:


                        "In the literal sense of the verses and from the parallel genealogies in Chronicles,

                                it becomes clear that many of Esau's descendants were products of incest and

                                illegitimacy . . . . Esau's family was permeated with illegitimacy. . . The verse

                                [Gen.26:2] implies that Oholibamah was the daughter of two fathers, Anah and

                                Zibeon, an obvious impossibility.  Furthermore, verse 24 describes Anah as

                                Zibeon's son.  Consequently, our verse implies that Zibeon cohabited with his own

                                daughter-in-law, Anah's wife, and Oholibamah was the product of their adultery. 

                                Thus, she and all her offspring were illegitimate" (p.192-193).


                We are told that "Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his household, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob" (Gen.36:6).  He moved out, lock, stock and barrel.  Eventually, his descendants settled in Mount Seir, to the direct south of Israel.


            Is this an Esau identified in ancient history?  Did the ancients write about him, his deeds, and acts of renown?


                                              Esau -- A Mighty Man of War


            Esau became not only a powerful hunter, like Nimrod, but also a mighty warrior and ruler.  It seems obvious that he considered himself the equal or superior of any man.  Having killed Nimrod, the great king who had defied God at the Tower of Babel,  Esau felt he should become king over the earth.  Therefore he was particularly galled that Jacob had received the birthright promises and blessings.  His hatred drove them apart and made them the quintessential rivals all their days, and this rivalry for world dominion passed down through the generations between their descendants.


            Such a man could hardly be ignored in the annals of ancient times.  And he was not. 


            In his fascinating book entitled Compendium of World History, Prof. Herman L. Hoeh provides us an incredible glimpse into the historical writings dealing with this man.  To the ancients, he was known as "Hercules." 


            Says Herman L. Hoeh, in volume I of the Compendium, a very powerful ancient people were known as the "Hericlidae."  Dr. Hoeh says, "Witness the incursions of the Hyksos and the Edomite Heraclidae -- a branch of the Hebrews" -- into the land of early Greece (p.394).  Who were these people?  Hoeh writes, in a section entitled "Who Were the Heraclidae?" that --


                                "The Heraclidae are said to have returned 80 years after the first Trojan War.  Then

                                they must have been in Greece and Asia Minor before.  The most famous people who

                                possessed this region before were the Hyksos rulers -- Apophis and Khyan.  The Hyksos

                                were Amalekites and other tribes descended of Edom . . . As the Greeks called these

                                people Heraclidae, is it possible that Hercules -- the father of the Heraclidae --

                                was Edom or Esau, the father of the Edomites and Amalekites?" (page 402). 


            Herman Hoeh goes on, on page 403, to say,


                        "Who then was the original Hercules? . . . .


                                "That there were several Hercules is admitted by all writers, ancient

                                and modern.  Nimrod was called Hercules, as also was Osorkon much

                                later.  Neither of them was the famous Hercules who fathered the

                                Heraclidae.  This Hercules -- declare the Greeks -- LOST HIS RIGHT

                                OF BIRTH, AS DID ESAU, the famous hunter" (p.403).


            Herman Hoeh then quotes from Josephus, the Jewish historian, who himself quotes Alexander Polyhistor, who quotes the prophet Cleodemus, also called Malchus, who wrote a history of the Jews in agreement with the history of Moses.  He relates that


                            ". . . there were many sons born to Abraham by Keturah; nay, he names three

                                of them, Apher, and Surim, and Japhran [from Apher "Africa" took its name] . . .

                                these men were auxillaries to Hercules, when he fought against Libya and Antaeus;

                                and that Hercules married Aphra's (that is, Apher's) daughter, and of her he begat

                                a son, Diodorus . . . ." (p.403-404). 


            Says Hoeh,


                                "Apher was a son of Midian, and a grandson of Abraham.  Esau was a much

                                younger grandson of Abraham through Isaac.  Josephus thus establishes that

                                this Hercules was not Nimrod who was over two centuries earlier [Hoeh's

                                dating, based on Ussher].  He further proved that this Hercules lived at the time

                                which the Bible proves that Esau lived.  Both lost their right of birth.  Esau was

                                therefore the Hercules of Greek history and the father of the Heraclidae" (p.404).


            Hoeh says:  "As Celtes had no son he gave his daughter in marriage to Hercules (who has been proven to be ESAU from Josephus and Greek history.  From her Hercules had a son named Galathes . . ." (p.451-452).


            Esau/Hercules obviously "got around."  All his life, it would appear, he struggled to regain his "birth right."  He performed mighty works, and incredible deeds, and the "labors of Hercules" -- but he could never regain that which he had so foolishly sold to Jacob his brother for a bowl of bean soup!


                                        Modern Day Descendants of Jacob and Esau


            All through history there would be conflict between the sons of Jacob, or "Israel," and the sons of Esau, his wicked older brother.  The Bible tells us that Esau was a violent man, a famous hunter, who "despised his birthright" (Gen.25:34).  Esau was a very capable man, and had great abilities, but Isaac gave the birthright promises of national greatness and power to Jacob instead (Gen.27:20-30).  Ever since that time, the descendants of Esau have hated and despised the descendants of Jacob, or "Israel." 


            As we know, Jacob's descendants became the twelve tribes of Israel, and most of them migrated out of the Middle East and settled in Northwestern Europe, Scandinavia, France, the British Isles, Ireland, Denmark, and North America.


            But what about the descendants of "Esau"?  History has proved that some of them settled in the region of Turkey, and became the "Ottoman Empire" -- a cruel, brutal historical empire that was finally conquered by the descendants of Jacob -- the British and Americans -- in 1917, when the Turks fought beside the Germans and Austrians, on the losing side. 


            However, other sons of Esau, like the Israelites, migrated farther west, and settle in Spain, once again to the south of the Israelite nations!  The ancient hatred and "blood-feud" and religious animosity between the descendants of Esau and Jacob appears to have been carried down through the ages, and manifested itself in the Middle Ages in the religious wars between Catholicism and Protestantism! 


            Interestingly, today the tribes of Israel which were carried into captivity by the Assyrians in 718-721 B.C. have settled in Northwestern Europe, from Scandinavia to France, from Belgium to Switzerland, with the tribe of Joseph in the British Isles and America.  Many of the children of Esau also most likely moved out of the Middle East when the Assyrians invaded.


            Today, if history repeats itself, as in ancient times, to the south of Israel we would expect to find the descendants of "Esau."  To the south of Israel in Europe, lies the country of "Spain."  Also, the Spanish colonized the regions to the south of the United States, in the Western hemisphere.  Mexico is largely Spanish mixed with the Indian population -- a mixture of peoples, as Esau married the indigenous populations, once again.


            Could the ancient rivalry between Jacob and Esau be a modern drama playing itself out in the rivalry between Spain, Mexico, and the Spanish-speaking nations and the English-speaking nations of modern Joseph, the "birthright" tribe of ancient Israel?


            This ancient hostility is still evident in the conflict between Spain and England over the rock of Gibraltar, and in the historic rivalry and conflict between Mexico and the United States!  These modern antagonisms have a root that traces all the way back to the rivalry and feud between Esau and Jacob in the book of Genesis.


            The remaining Edomites who stayed in Palestine were a thorn in the sides of the Jewish peoples.  They sided with Babylon when Nebuchadnezzar attacked the Jewish state. Finally, in the days of the Maccabees, and John Hyrcanus, that king of Judah conquered many Edomites and compelled them to be circumcised, and adopt the Jewish religion.  Thus some of the remnants of Edom became incorporated with the Jewish people, and are represented today amongst the peoples known as "Jews."  However, overall they compose a very small proportion of the Jewish people. 


                                                 The Forgotten History of Edom


            Esau, like his brother Jacob, was a wanderer and explorer.  They had many attributes in common.  The main difference between them was in character:  Esau was a hunter and plunderer, whereas Jacob was a skilled worker and industrious husbandman or farmer and rancher. 


            In his Compendium of World History, Dr. Herman L. Hoeh pointed out that Esau, the famous "hunter," became known as "Hercules" among the Gentiles.  Writes Hoeh, "Hercules . . . has been proved to be Esau from Josephus and Greek history" (vol. 1, p.451).  A line of kings was descended from him, including Galathes (1739-1690 B.C.), father of the tribe of the Galli (who gave their name to the region of Galatia in Asia Minor); Narbon (1690-1672 B.C.), who ruled western Europe from Gaul; Lugdus (1672-1621 B.C.), the founder of London; Beligius (1621-1601 B.C.), who gave his name to those called the Belgae; Jasius (1601-1551 B.C.), a prince of the line of Esau, who was made king of Italy; Allobrox (1551-1483 B.C.), who ruled all Celtica, the land of Western Europe, and then a series of kings down to the fall of Troy.


            The family of Esau had settled in the land of Seir, the Horite.  We read in Genesis:  "Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir:  Esau is Edom.  And these are the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in mount Seir" (Gen.36:8-9).  Undoubtedly, Esau and his children intermarried with the descendants of Seir the Horite (Gen.36:20-21) who also dwelt there.  In volume 2 of his Compendium of World History, Herman Hoeh mistakenly identifies Hercules with Seir, the Horite.  However, he was Esau the brother of Jacob.  As such, he travelled widely, conquering and despatching foes.  He was known in Africa as Hercules Libycus, renowned for having subdued Libya, and the vast territories that lie west of Egypt (vol. 2, p.116). 


            The early history of Spain is given in volume two of the Compendium.  Dr. Hoeh points out that 520 years after the Flood, or in 1849 B.C., a great battle was fought in Spain in which many of the prehistoric "giants" were expelled.  An Egyptian army led by Osyris Denis (Dionysius) fought and conquered the giants, and one giant was given his sister as wife, settled in Sardinia, and built the city of Norca.  The site is famous for traditionally having been inhabited by giants, who left megalithic remains and giant tombs. 


            After the death of Osyris, Hercules -- Esau -- arrived on the scene.  "He challenged the three sons of Gerion [the giant] to personal combat -- three against one -- and slew them all.  Hercules [Esau] then turned the government of southern Spain over to Hispal, his son and one of his generals, and departed with the bulk of his army to Italy" (p.115). 


            Thus the Biblical Esau began a dynasty of kings that ruled in Spain, beginning with Hispal (1807-1790 B.C.), who built what is now known as Seville.  He was followed by Hercules' grandson, Hispanus(1790-1758 B.C.), who gave his name to Hispania [Spain!].  He extended his rule throughout Spain, including the central and northern regions previously inhabited by wild tribes. 


            Hoeh points out that the time setting of this event corresponds to the latter half of Dynasty II in Egypt.  "It is the period of the patriarch Jacob.  The Hercules of these traditions has already been proved to be Seir the Horite [that is, Esau, the ruler of Seir and the Horites].  In Spanish history Hercules is often referred to as 'Oron,' meaning the Horite.  He was a king of Egypt . . ." (ibid.).   


            Hoeh seems to confuse the accounts of Hercules, in one place calling him Esau, brother of Jacob, and in another Seir, the Horite.  However, the misunderstanding is resolved when we realize that Esau became the dominant person in Mount Seir, and took the title of Seir the original Horite.  It is Esau of Mount Seir that had the on-going "blood-feud" with the line of Jacob down through history -- not the original Seir the Horite!


            Thus we see that the descendants of Esau established themselves as the rulers of Spain at an early period of Spanish history.  There is no doubt, therefore, that the line and heritage of Jacob's brother Esau became the genesis for succeeding generations of the peoples of Spain, and the Spanish dominions and territories scattered around the world, principally in Central and South America!  The Spanish-speaking world is descended, in large part, from Esau, the brother of Jacob!


                                            Is Spain Part of Modern "Esau"?


            Spain is the most Catholic country in Europe.  Spain is more Catholic than Italy itself!  During the Middle Ages, Spain was famous for being the most brutal and tyrannical Catholic monarchy on the face of the earth.  The "Spanish Inquisition" has gone down in history as the worst and most atrocious religious blood-bath and bestial religious persecution of all time.  


            The Spanish were also vicious persecutors of the Jewish people, and forced thousands of them into Catholic conversions in the Middle Ages.  In fact, while Columbus was discovering America (he was very likely a Jew in the employ of the Spanish king and queen), in 1492, the very same year the Spanish launched an inquisition against the Jews and expelled all who would not convert from the country.


            The Spanish, like ancient Esau and his children, have been noted for their extreme cruelty, ambition, and lust for conquest.  Like Esau the hunter, the Spanish conquistadores pillaged, butchered, and "hunted" for the gold and treasures of the Aztecs and Incas. 


            Spain historically has had a great hatred for Protestants and all non-Catholics. This hatred manifested itself in the notorious Spanish Inquisition, when hundreds of thousands of Protestants were imprisoned, tortured, and killed without mercy.  Historically, too, the Spanish also had a great hatred for the Jews.  Is not this persistent hatred a manifestation of the ancient hatred of Esau for his brother Jacob? 


            I have noted that modern Spain is south of the nations of modern Israel which located in Europe.  This parallels the fact that ancient Edom was located south of ancient Israel.  Modern Spain has outlets to the sea -- ocean harbors; ancient Edom also had an outlet to the sea -- an ocean harbor -- with a port at Ezion-geber on  the Red Sea.  In the western hemisphere, Mexico, the largest and most populous former Spanish dominion, also lies directly south of modern Ephraim!


            Jacob prophesied of Esau, that he would dwell "far from" the rich agricultural land (Gen.27:39).  Says the Worldbook Encyclopedia of the country of Spain:


                        "Spain is poor in natural resources.  The country has little good farmland, and it lacks

                                many important industrial raw materials. . . . Most of Spain has poor soil and limited

                                rainfall, which make it difficult to raise crops. . . . But agricultural production in most

                                regions has always been low because of the poor soil, dry climate, and inferior Spanish

                                farming methods" (article "Spain," p.579).


                Thus even the topography and geography of Spain reveal that it could well be a country populated by the modern day descendants of ancient Esau!  Much of Mexico, also, is rocky, arid, and poor soil for agriculture. 


            The greatest evidence, however, that the Spanish people are at least in large part related to Esau is in their national characteristics -- their idolatrous religious fanaticism, which today is Catholicism, and their brutal historical hatred and antipathy toward the Israelitish nations of Europe, in particular the English, and their persecution of Protestants and Jews during the Spanish Inquisition.  These traits which bespeak an undying hatred and deep-seated resentment and jealousy are just what one would expect from the descendants of "Esau" toward the descendants of "Jacob"!


                                                Esau and the Latins and Romans


            Louis Ginzberg in his Legends of the Jews gives us additional information about Esau, connecting him and his posterity to Rome.  According to the traditions Ginzberg relates, Rebekah suffered such severe pain during her pregnancy that she went to Shem and pleaded with him to inquire of God concerning the cause of her distress.


"And Shem replied: "My daughter, I confide a secret to thee.  See to it that none

finds it out.  Two nations are in thy womb, and how should thy body contain them,

seeing that the whole world will not be large enough for them to exist in it together

peaceably?  Two nations they are, each owning a world of its own, the one the Torah,

the other sin.  From the one will spring Solomon, the builder of the Temple, from

the other Vespasian, the destroyer thereof"' (Legends, 1968, vol. 1, page 314)


            Spain has been staunchly and violently Catholic, apostate in the extreme, and doubtlessly a part of the body of Esau.  However, the Mother and Fountain of all persecution and relilgious apostasy has its source in Rome, and Roman Catholicism.  Rome, also, fulfills the words of Edras that 'Esau is the end of this age, and Jacob is the beginning of the one that follows.'


'They [Esau and Jacob] will never be in the same estate.  Esau will vaunt lords, while

Jacob will have Kings.  They, Israel and Rome, are the two nations destined to be hated

by all the world.  One will exceed the other in strength.  First Esau will subjugate

whole world, but in the end Jacob will rule over all' (Legends, vol. 1, page 314)


                Ginzberg further relates that


'God will call out to the Messiah: "Roar at this monster that devours the fat of the

nations, that justifies its claims for recognition through being a descendant of

Abraham by his grandson Esau, the nation that forgives all for the sake of money

[as Luther enumerated in his Bull], that kept Israel back from the study of the

Torah, and tempted them to deeds that are in accord with the wishes of Satan"'

(Legends, vol. 3, page 167)


            Esau was very influential in Rome.  No doubt that "Rome" in a very real sense epitomizes the "way of Esau."  In fact, the "book of Jasher" contains the following pertinent information: 


                                "And the children of Chittim [Cyprus, Phoenicia] saw the valor of Zepho [a valiant

                                descendant of Esau], and the children of Chittim resolved and they made Zepho king

                                over them . . . . Zepho reigned over the whole land of Chittim and over the land

                                of Italia 50 years" (p.186).


                Later in the book of Jasher, we read that great battles arose between the children of Chittim and Edom,


                                "and Edom became subject to the children of Chittim.  And the children of Chittim

                                ruled over Edom, and Edom became under the hand of the children of Chittim and

                                became one kingdom from that day.  And from that day they could no more lift up

                                their heads, and their kingdom became one with the children of Chittim" (p.251). 


            So the Rome-Esau connection is verified!  The children of EDOM or ESDAU literally intermarried with the Italians, mixed with them, and they become ONE PEOPLE!  Thus Esau also stands identified as the people of Italy, the Romans, and the well spring of the Roman Catholic religious apostasy!


            Esau, like Jacob, was a mighty man of renown in ancient times.  He was an explorer and "wanderer," as well as a mighty "hunter."  He and his descendants, also, founded or were part of the founding of such ancient world empires as that of Rome, Troy, Tyre, and Carthage , as well as Spain and the Ottoman Empire.


                                                            "The Age of Esau"


            According to prophecy, this "rivalry" was to characterize the ongoing relationships of these two people throughout historical time.  Finally, the "age of Esau" will be replaced by the "age of Jacob" or "Israel."  The book II Esdras in the Apocrypha speaks of this prophecy:


                        "'What will mark the parting of the times?  Or when will the end of the first or the

                                beginning of the second be?'


                                "And he said to me, 'From Abraham to Abraham, for from him sprang Jacob and Esau,

                                but Jacob's hand held Esau's heel from the beginning.  For ESAU IS THE END OF

                                THIS AGE, AND JACOB IS THE BEGINNING OF THE ONE THAT FOLLOWS.  For

                                the beginning of a man is his hand, and the end of a man is his heel" (II Esdras 6:7i-10).


                Esau, or Edom, can be identified with the Spanish Empire of the Middle Ages.  That Empire, so powerful that Philip of Spain sent an armada of hundreds of powerful ships to destroy the nation of England in 1588, was finally eclipsed by the powerful English nation.  The Armada itself was destroyed by the English fleet, with help from ferocious storms at sea.  The English began to "supplant" the Spanish in world power -- just as Jacob," whose name means "supplanter," supplanted his brother Esau in their own generation.


            Esau became a "type" of Satan's modern world system, which hates the things of God, and the people of God.  Thus he himself became a "type" of modern "Babylon," which represents this world age-system.  Both are described as "red."  Esau is "Edom" which means "Red," his major characteristic; and Babylon the Great, this world-system, called the "Beast" in Revelation, is also "scarlet" or RED -- "a scarlet coloured beast" (Rev.17:3)!


            According to the book of Jasher, Edom's connection with Babylon started with Esau's desire to obtain "the valuable garments of Nimrod, with which Nimrod prevailed over the whole land" (Jasher 27:10).  Nimrod was the first tyrant or king over Babylon, the first one after the Flood to establish a "kingdom" (Gen.10:9-10).  His garments represented and symbolized his ungodly and wicked rule.  Nimrod is the prototype of all godless people.  His name means "rebellion" or "he rebelled," from the Hebrew word marad. 


            Esau patterned himself after the tyrannical king of Babylon.  According to the book of Jasher, Esau actually is the one who killed Nimrod and "fought a desperate fight," with two of his aides and killed them, and then fled with Nimrod's garments.  When he reached his own homeland, he was weary and exhausted, and it was while in this weakened condition that he "came from the field, and he was faint" (Gen.25:29), and ravenously hungry, besought Jacob for food, and sold him his birthright for lentil soup!


            When he killed Nimrod, and took his garments, Esau assumed another birthright -- that of Nimrod and his Babylonian rule, as one who would not and could not coexist with the way of God.  He inherited the mantle of Nimrod; and he, like Nimrod, went in the "way of Cain."


            The prophecies regarding Edom and Babylon are also parallel.  Both are not only characterized by the color "red," which stands for "bloodshed," and "violence," but both will be burned and destroyed by fire (Obad.1:18; Rev.18:8).  Both will be overthrown "like Sodom and Gomorrah" (Jer.49:18; 50:40).  Both their habitations will be made "desolate" (Jer.49:20; 50:45).  Both would for a time gain dominion over and afflict "Israel" (Gen.27:39-40; Dan.7:21-25; Rev.12:17, 13:7, 17:6). 


            Both are connected with "mysteries" (Rev.17:5; Obad.1:3-6, "hidden things"). 


            Finally, Israel is destined to be delivered from, and to destroy, both Edom and Babylon (Obad.1:16-18 and Rev.18:4).  This deliverance comes about at the coming of the Messiah, when God's people will destroy their oppressors (Zech.14:1-4; I Thess.4:14-16; Rev.19:11-15; Jude 14-15; Dan.7:26-27; Rev.18:6; Psa.149:5-9).


                                                  The Role of Spain in History


            Spain, of course, is a relatively "small" country, with only a "little power," today.  Nevertheless, it has played a very prominent role and was a mighty power, in history, particularly during the Age of Colonization and Exploration!  It has also been perhaps the most staunch and fanatically Catholic "power" in the history of the world, with its religious excesses and brutality a by-word during the Middle Ages. 


            The Spanish conquistadors explored Florida, the Gulf Coast of what was later to become the United States, conquered Mexico and Peru, and Spanish galleons plied the Atlantic ferrying gold and riches back to Spain.  The Spanish conquistadors were noted for their cruelty and brutality toward the indigenous populations of the lands they conquered.  The Indians were enslaved, treated as vermin, and forcibly "converted" to Catholicism.  The primary purpose of Spanish colonies was to plunder and exploit the masses for gold, silver, and profit.  They were "hunters" and "men of war"  -- just like their ancestor, Esau! 


            Spain's influence still remained strong in the western hemisphere, however, until the Spanish possessions each broke away and gained their independence.  Finally, in 1898, the Spanish-American war saw the Spanish lose control of Puerto Rico, Cuba, and islands in the Gulf of Mexico, as well as the Philippine islands in the Far East.  Who replaced the Spanish descendants of Esau in these places?  The descendants of his brother, Jacob the "supplanter"!  It was mighty Ephraim, the United States of America, which gave the final death knell to the remains of the ancient Spanish world empire!


            Throughout the period known as the Middle Ages and the Age of Discovery, the two great protagonists for the control and domination of the world were the Anglo-Saxons of England and the Spanish.  The conflict was religious, political, economic, and military.  The ongoing battle for world supremacy was fought in board rooms, on the sea lanes, and in far-flung battle fields. The rivalry lasted throughout the centuries.  Gradually, the power of Span and its colonies was supplanted by the growing power of the sons of Israel or Jacob -- including the French (Reuben), Great Britain (Manasseh), and the United States (Ephraim). 


            With the rise of the Anglo-Saxon nations to world prominence, especially the house of Joseph -- the United States as Ephraim and Great Britain and Canada as Manasseh -- the power of Spain gradually became diminished, and Spain became but a shadow of her former power and influence.  When the United States fought the Mexicans in the Mexican-American war, and conquered the territories of California, Arizona, New Mexico, and delivered Texas from Mexico, the house of Joseph was once again "supplanting" the descendants of Esau.  And many Mexicans to this very day hate the United States with a passion, and seek to recapture and regain their "lost" provinces!


Mexican Invasion/War?


            Notice!  Already the "war" for the re-conquest of the American Southwest has begun!  In a recent issue of Spotlight magazine, the reality of what is now happening was revealed.  Says this informative conservative newspaper of the growing threat:


                "The opening volley of America's race war has been fired.  It wasn't white and blacks fighting in

                an urban center.  The first shots came from radical Chicano educators and legislators in the

                Southwest.  The Mexican government added a quick jab of its own.


                "Somehow the mainstream media overlooked the shot across America's bow.  Consequently, many

                Anglos don't know we are at war.


                "The movement is known as Reconquista.  It numbers thousands of followers throughout the

                Southwestern United States.  Adherents believe in Mexico reconquering the land lost to the

                United States.


                "Adherents have used force to get their point across.


                "For example, Americans demonstrating in California last July 4, were attacked by Chicano

                radicals on Independence Day.  According to some victims, the police did nothing to protect



                "The political wing of the Reconquista movement is called Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de

Aztlan (MEchA).  'Their goal is to forge a Mexican army to drive all Europeans from the Southwest,' says a California Coalition for Immigration Reform (CCIR) newsletter.


                "New Country.  Once black and white Americans are expelled, the plan is to establish a country

                named Aztlan.  The Chicano Mexicano Mexico Empowerment Committee (CMMEC) is

                MEchA's militant wing.


                "When that region is cleansed of the white heirs of murderers and thieves who now control it,

                Lord's followers [a gang] can rebuild the Aztec empire, bring back that glorious nation of priests

                and warriors and reestablish its noble institutions of learning, religion, and justice,' said Olin

                Tezcatlipoca, founder of CMMEC. . . .


                "Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo has warned Washington that his country 'is ready to fight'

                if the United States enforces immigration laws and deports illegal Mexicans.  'We will not tolerate

                foreign forces dictating and enacting laws on Mexicans' . . .


                "'We have said for years that you won't know you're being invaded until you try to stop it,' said

                Glenn Spencer of Voice of Citizens Together. 'What we are witnessing in Reconquista, using

                drugs and drug money to help drive Americans out of the Southwest.'


                "'Those militant Mexicans have established training camps in the mountains of northern Mexico

                and across the borders in California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas,' says newsletter publisher

                Alyn Denham. 'Recruits receive basic training, weapons introduction and political indoctrination

                in the camps located in Mexico where they're also assigned to specific U.S.-based combat

                units" ("Mexican Invasion Comparable to War," by Andrew Arnold, Spotlight, March 6, 1998).


                                                Esau  and End-Time Rome


            What does Biblical prophecy indicate about the future of Esau, the brother of Jacob? 


In The Other Bible Code:  Ancient Hebrew Revelations about Events of Our Time, written by H. M. Davidson, Davidson writes, “Not only will the Arab people and the Jewish people be at each other’s throats at the End of Days over control of the Holy Land.  Throughout ancient Jewish texts, the Arabs are depicted as being engaged at the End of Days in a fierce struggle against a civilization which will be the ‘Esau/Edom/Rome’ of its time” (p.37).


            Who is this “Esau/Edom/Rome?”


            Writes Davison, “In many ancient Hebrew and Aramaic writings, Rome – and obscure Italian village which emerged as an early hub of Western civilization and economic power – is identified as an early extension of the Esau/Edom personality” (p.6-7).  The Babylonian Talmud, a treasure of information, identifies Esau/Rome’s scheming against the sons of Jacob as not just a plot or scheme, but as a country:  Germany (Babylonian Talmud, Megillah, 6a).


“Rome” in the End of Days


            The civilization of “Rome” is the earliest branch or post-Biblical extension of Esau and his family.  It if were compared to a tree, then Esau would be the “root,” and Roman civilization would be a major branch from that tree’s root.  It has many branches.  In fact, the eighteenth century Lithuanian rabbinic giant, Elijah ben-Solomon Kramer,  known as the “Genius of Vilna,” H. M. Davidson says, “argued that half of the nations of the contemporary world are branches of the Esau/Edom/Rome tree” (Davidson, page 37). 


            The sixteenth century Rabbi Yehuda Lowe, the “Maharal,” argued that characteristics which ancient Jewish writings attribute to Esau/Rome may be used to “identify the contemporary groups of nations which today bear the torch of Esau/Edom/Rome” (ibid.).


            Thus, “Euro-Western civilization may be regarded as a BRANCH OF THE ESAU/EDOM/ROME TREE”, he explains. 


            European and Western civilization is the immediate heir of the culture of Rome, with similar institutions, government, and laws.  Also, like ancient Rome, modern Europe/America, and the Western world enjoy largely uncontested military, economic and political dominance over most of the world, and a vastly disproportionate part of the world’s wealth. 


            Says Davidson, “And the mind-set of the contemporary West also suggests a kinship with Esau/Edom/Rome.”


            The West champions democracy, freedom, opportunity.  Most people in the Western nations cheer these concepts, but these principles are not of themselves intrinsically good!  A society consisting of thieves and crooks, even though it has a “democratic” government, will still be evil.  Democracy and decently are not identical.  Iraq today has “democracy” but is filled with hatred, conflict, and is on the verge of Civil War due to disagreeing factions of Islam battling each other for supremacy. 


            Says Davidson, “According to ancient Jewish sages, the essence of Esau/Edom/Rome was its emphasis on outward form and appearance over intrinsic goodness.  Good manners took precedence over good morals.  Etiquette over ethics.  Judicial process and procedure over justice.  System over substance” (p.39).


New York City and Ancient Rome


            Ancient Rome was the hub of civilization during its time – a mega city which was the financial center of the world.  Its torch or legacy, today, which would symbolically be called “Rome,” would be New York City – a magnet for influential people, wealth, and business. 


            Davidson goes on, “In today’s world, the city of New York has no equal as a financial hub.  Many of the world’s most influential companies are based in New York and it is in New York that their shares are traded.  The adage, ‘When Wall Street sneezes, the rest of the world catches the flu,’ captures the essence of New York’s financial hegemony over the rest of the world” (p.40).


            “In addition,” he says, “the presence of the United Nations in Manhattan underscores New York City’s status as an unparalleled magnet for dignitaries from across the globe, much as Rome was in ancient days.”


The Role of Germany


            In Psalm 140:9, we read, “Grant not, O Lord, the desires of the wicked man; further not his plotting – lest they be exalted.”  In the Babylonian Talmud, in a commentary on Psalm 140:9, the wicked man in this verse is identified as one of Esau’s later day manifestations – namely, Rome.  Israel here pleads with God to withhold the desires of “Rome” and to contain Rome’s plotting. 


            Indeed, the world today seems to be plotting against Israel. The so-called “Road Map to Peace,” which threatens Israel’s very future, is evidence of a vast conspiracy or global plot to ‘contain’ if not eliminate the Jewish state, in favor of Arab oil, on which the world’s economy depends.


            In the same passage from the Talmud, Esau/Rome’s plotting is identified with or connected with German (Babylonian Talmud, Megilla 6a, H. M. Davidson, page 7).


            Germany has been a fore-front of anti-Semitism in the twentieth century.  Hitler’s pogroms, and his “final solution,” which led to the deaths of some six million European Jews, was not an isolated episode or anomaly.  German resentment and antipathy toward the Jews was  historic, and today still remains very strong against the Jewish state of Israel.  The Germans, as a leader in the European Union, are strong advocates of the disingenuous “Road Map to Peace.”  Germany has long been a powerful advocate of the Arabic lobby and the Palestinians, in their confrontation against Israel.


            Says Davidson, “The Talmud continued that Jacob/Israel feared that if Germany and Rome were to end their mutual antagonism (as we see in the world, today, with Germany being a part of the “Western Alliance” and NATO) and combine forces, they would set forth to ‘destroy the world’” (page 8).


            God warned the ancient Israelites to never forget the attack of the Amalekites, when they left Egypt under the leadership of Moses.  God said, “Remember what Amalek did to you on your journey out of Egypt, how he attacked you on the way, when you were faint and weary, and struck down all who lagged behind you; he did not fear God” (Deut.253:17 NRSV).  Amalek was a sub-tribe of Esau!


Amalek in Prophecy


            The Jewish and Israelite struggle against Amalek was not a one-time affair, but was to continue down through history.  Amalek was to be blotted out, but it never happened. 


            A descendant of Amalek rose up to come close to annihilating the Jews during the Persian empire.  An Amalekite by the name of Haman, viceroy to the king, sought to kill every Jew in the kingdom of Persia  -- genocide (Esther 3:13). 


            Likewise, Germany, in the twentieth century, fulfilled the same role.  Germany is a latter-day kingdom with a strong Amalekite/Esau influence, as well as being populated by many Assyrians, who anciently also fought against Israel.


End of Days Prophecies


            God Himself says, "Was not Esau Jacob's brother?  saith the LORD: yet I loved Jacob, and I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness" (Mal.1:2-3).  In fact, God says of this people:


                        "Whereas Esau saith, We are impoverished, but we will return and build the desolate

                                places; thus saith the LORD of hosts, They shall build, but I will throw down; and they

                                shall call them, The border of wickedness, and, the PEOPLE AGAINST WHOM THE

                                LORD HATH INDIGNATION FOREVER" (Mal.1:4).


                In other words, the ancient hatreds continue, and in the end-times God will again punish the nations of Esau, because of their treachery against their brother Jacob!


            In the "Day of the LORD," the time when God shortly will intervene in world affairs, and send judgment upon this world, Esau, too, will be dealt with severely.  We read in Isaiah:


                        "And all  the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together

                                as a scroll [the "heavenly signs" which introduce the final "Day of the Lord" -- see Joel

                                2:31]:  and all their host shall fall down [compare Rev.6:12-17], as the leaf falleth off

                                from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree.


                                "For my sword shall be bathed in heaven:  behold, it shall come down upon IDUMEA

                                [ESAU], AND UPON THE PEOPLE OF MY CURSE, to judgment.  The sword of the

                                LORD is filled with blood. . . for the LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah [ancient capital of

                                Edom], and a great slaughter in the land of Idumea. . . . For it is the day of the LORD's

                                vengeance, and the year of recompenses for the controversy of Zion.  And the streams

                                thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into brimstone, and the land thereof

                                shall become burning pitch.  It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall

                                go up for ever:  from generation to generation it shall lie waste; none shall pass through it

                                for ever and ever" (Isaiah 34:4-10).


            Likewise, the prophet Jeremiah predicts concerning Esau, or Edom:


                        "Flee, turn back, dwell deep, O inhabitants of Dedan; for I will bring the CALAMITY

                                OF ESAU UPON HIM, the time that I will visit him. . . . But I have made ESAU bare,

                                I have uncovered his secret places, and so he shall not be able to hide himself:  his seed

                                is spoiled, and his brethren, and his neighbors, and he is not. . . . Bozrah shall become

                                a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse:  and all the cities thereof shall become

                                perpetual wastes. . . Also EDOM shall be a desolation:  every one that goeth by it shall

                                be astonished, and shall hiss at all the plagues thereof.  As in the overthrow of Sodom and

                                Gomorrah and the neighbor cities thereof, saith the LORD, no man shall abide there, neither

                                shall a son of man dwell in it" (Jer.49:8-17).


                Obviously, to bring such judgment upon itself, during the coming "Day of the Lord," modern "Edom" must be guilty of heinous sins and horrible crimes in the sight of God!  What could stir God up so, that His wrath will be poured out in such unmitigated fury?


            The prophet Ezekiel makes the truth plain.  He prophesies against this end-time nations and peoples who are descended from ancient Esau:


                        "Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Surely in the fire of my jealousy have I spoken

                                against the residue of the heathen, and against all IDUMEA, which have appointed

                                my land into their possession with the joy of all their heart, with despiteful minds, to

                                cast it out for a prey" (Ezek.36:5).


                It is Almighty God who gave the bounds of the land of modern America and Canada  to the descendants of Joseph.  It was God who led the American forces to victory over the Spanish and Mexicans in the Mexican-American war in 1847 and gave the sons of Joseph – Ephraim and Manasseh – dominance over the world for the past two centuries.  The descendants of Esau and biding their time and waiting for the right opportunity to bring the descendants of Jacob down! 


            It is evident that God will allow them to rise up, because of modern day Israel’s  mounting SINS, corruption, and wickedness!


            God declares that He will use Esau to punish Jacob in the “End of Days.”  But then Esau itself will also be punished – much more severely!


            The Lord says:


                                "Behold, O mount Seir, I am against thee, and I will stretch out mine hand against

                                thee, and I will make thee most desolate.  I will lay thy cities waste, and thou shalt

                                be desolate, and thou shalt know that I am the LORD.  Because thou hast a perpetual

                                HATRED, and hast shed the blood of the children of Israel BY THE FORCE OF

                                THE SWORD in the time of their calamity, in the time that their iniquity had an end:

                                Therefore, as I live, saith the Lord GOD, I will prepare thee unto blood, and blood

                                shall pursue thee:  since you have not hated blood, even blood shall pursue thee.  Thus

                                will I make mount Seir most desolate, and cut off from it him that passeth out and him

                                that returneth.  And I will fill his mountains with his slain men. . . I will make thee per-

                                petual desolations, and thy cities shall not return:  and ye shall know that I am the LORD

                                . . . Therefore, as I live, saith the Lord GOD, I will even do according to thine anger, and

                                according to thine envy which thou hast used out of thy hatred against them; and I will

                                make myself known among them, when I have judged thee" (Ezek.35:3-11).


                These are horrible predictions and prophecies of impending doom and awesome judgment which will be meted out, in our day, upon the end-time descendants of Esau -- the people of central Europe, Germany, Italy, Spain, Mexico, and their cousins, the Palestinians!


                                                The End-Time Prophecy of Obadiah


            Obadiah the prophet, who lived circa 587 B.C., at the time of the fall of Jerusalem to the Babylonians, was inspired by God to condemn the behavior of Esau, or Edom, and his descendants, for their vicious attitude toward the descendants of Jacob, or Israel.  The pride of Esau, God says, will bring him down.  God continues:


                        "Though thou exalt thyself as the eagle, and though thou set thy nest among

                                the stars, thence will I bring thee down, saith the LORD. . .


                                "How are the things of Esau searched out!  how are his hidden things sought

                                up!  All the men of thy CONFEDERACY [the New World Order, and European

                                Union] have brought thee even to the border:  the men that were at PEACE with

                                thee have DECEIVED thee [the Russians and Oriental hordes?], and 

                                PREVAILED AGAINST THEE . . . .


                                "And thy mighty men, O Teman, shall be dismayed, to the end that every one of

                                the mount of Esau may be cut off by SLAUGHTER.  For thy VIOLENCE against

                                thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever.


                                "In the day that thou stoodest on the other side, in the day that strangers carried away

                                captive his forces, and foreigners entered into his gates, and cast lots upon Jerusalem,

                                even thou wast as one of them.  But thou shouldest not have looked on the day of thy

                                brother in the day that he became a stranger; neither shouldest thou have rejoiced over

                                the children of Judah in the day of their destruction; neither shouldest thou have spoken

proudly in the day of distress.  Thou shouldest not have entered into the gate of my people in the day of their calamity; yea, thou shouldest not have looked on their affliction in the day of their calamity, nor have laid hands on their substance in the day of their calamity; neither shouldest thou have STOOD IN THE CROSSWAY, to cut off those of his thatdid escape; neither shouldest thou have delivered up those of his that did remain in the day of distress" (Obadiah 1:6-14).


                Part of Edom, today, is located to the "south" of modern, end-time Israel and Judah.  Part of it is represented by the Spanish peoples of Spain, and Mexico, and other nations in Central and South America.


            With this understanding, this prophecy takes on vital new significance.  Notice!  When the modern nations of Israel fall, and suffer awesome distress -- the "time of Jacob's trouble" prophesied in many Scriptures (see Dan.12:1-2; Jer.30:6-7) -- then modern Mexico will no doubt rejoice, at the calamity of "El Colosso del Norte," the United States, and Mexicans will come across the borders in hordes, to rape, pillage, occupy and devour what they can seize of the United States.  In anger and rage, they will re-occupy California, New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas.  Mexico has never forgiven the United States for its conquest of that nation in 1847.  The memory of their defeat still rankles nationalistic Mexican leaders and agitators, who hate the United States.  Even today Mexico is the leading smuggler of dope, cocaine, and drugs into the United States.


            The prophecy indicates that the Spanish-speaking descendants of Esau will seek to re-conquer lands they lost historically.  God says of them, "they have appointed MY LAND into their possession" (Ezek.36:5). 


            Esau-Germany-Rome is also in the forefront of seeking to undermine the Jews in Israel, by hamstringing them through the ‘Road Map to Peace” with the Palestinians.  They will be among those who attack the people of end-time Israel and the Jews, with the sword, during the day of their calamity.


            Notice, too, that God will judge Esau because they entered the gate of His people, and laid hands on their substance, in the day of their calamity, and "stood in the crossway, to cut off those of his that did escape" (Obadiah 1:14).  Here is a direct reference to a vital END-TIME "CROSSWAY" -- a vital sea-gate -- which the peoples of Esau will BLOCK -- preventing the children of Israel -- Americans, British, Canadians, and the like -- from escaping from their enemies! 


            Is this not a plain reference to the PANAMA CANAL -- the most vital "crossway" for ships in the entire world, allowing them to cross from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific, and vice versa?  Even now, operational control of the Panama Canal has been SOLD by the Panamanians into the hands of the Communist Chinese -- the enemies of the United States.


            Similarly, Spain today still hates the English for their conquest of the rock of Gibraltar, and seizure of that vital sea-gate.  Spanish leaders have no love for the English, and when the opportunity affords itself, would no doubt seek revenge.  Is this not part of the ancient blood feud and hatred of Esau?


            Note that the prophecy states that Edom will "stand in the crossway" to stop fleeing Israelites from seeking to escape their enemies.  Any who foolishly seek "refuge" in these Edomite countries, then, will be turned over to the "Gestapo"-like authorities of the New World Order – modern “Rome”! 


            Woe be to those who seek to "hide" in Spain, or Mexico, or similar countries, "south of the border."  They will be turned on and delivered up to their enemies!



The Age-Old Plot


            Note, too, that Edom is part of a "conspiracy" or "confederacy" against Israel -- that is, an end-time UNION of nations!  A similar prophecy is found in Psalm 83, where we read: "They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones.   They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.  For they have consulted together with one consent: they are CONFEDERATE against thee:  the tabernacles of EDOM [Rome, Italy, Germany, Spain, Mexico, Turkey, etc.], and the Ishmaelites [Arabs]; of Moab [Jordanians], and the Hagarenes [Iraqis]; Gebal [Lebanon] and Amalek [a powerful descendant of Esau]; the Philistines [more Amalekites and descendants of Esau]] with the inhabitants of Tyre; Asshur [Germany] is joined with them" (Psalm 83:1-8). 


            This prophecy indicates that the nations descended largely from Esau, including those of the “New World Order,” together with the Arab states around Israel, will form a vast CONSPIRACY -- a confederacy -- of nations, to attack modern Israel. 


            This vast, far-flung attack will lead to the “battle of that great day of the Lord” – also called, “Armageddon”! (Rev.16:13-16). 


            However, their attack will be foiled, for the Messiah Himself will deliver Israel from their clutches! The Psalmist cries out, "O my God, make them as a wheel; as the stubble before the wind.  As the fire burneth a wood, and as the flame setteth the mountains on fire; so persecute them with thy tempest, and make them afraid with thy storm" (Psa.83:13-15).


            Setting the mountains on fire no doubt refers to powerful volcanic eruptions which will shake, devastate, and destroy some of these nations which come against end-time Israel!  Italy, as well as Mexico and Central America, and the Andes mountains of South America, are noted for their many ancient volcanoes -- many of which could erupt at any time! (see also Rev.16:16-18).


                                                      The Prophecy of Balaam


            A very unusual prophecy was given by the prophet Balaam during the time of Moses, about 1452 B.C.  He prophesied about the "latter days," the time prior to the second coming of the Messiah:


                        "There shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel,

                                and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth.

                                And EDOM [ESAU] shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession

                                for his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly.


                                "And when he looked on AMALEK [leading tribe or nation of ESAU], he

                                took up his parable, and said, Amalek was the first of the nations [greatest,

                                most powerful, and first to rise to power and greatness]; BUT HIS LATTER

                                END SHALL BE THAT HE PERISH FOREVER" (Num.24:17-20).


                God does not forget.  He remembers well the horrors of the Medieval Inquisition, and the persecutions, tortures, and brutality and savagery of the Inquisitors of the Roman Catholic church, during the Middle Ages.   He also remembers the cruelty of the Germans in World War II, and the ancient Turks.  


            It is a fact that history repeats itself.  The violence of the Middle Ages, and the Spanish inquisition, will also be repeated in this END-TIME AGE!  The descendants of ancient Esau will make one final attempt to destroy the descendants of Jacob.  They will take part in unleashing an unprecedented "bloodbath" of unbridled fury and horror.  Jesus Christ said:


                        "For then shall be GREAT TRIBULATION, such as was not since the beginning

                                of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.  And except those days should be

                                shortened, there should NO FLESH BE SAVED [alive]:  but for the elect's sake,

                                those days shall be shortened" (Matt.24:21-22).


                In the book of Revelation, John sees a scene of the horrible religious inquisition of the Middle Ages, and a repetition of that same religious bloodbath which will soon sweep over the nations in this end-time.  He wrote:


                        "And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them

                                that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held: and

                                they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou

                                not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?  And white

                                robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they

                                should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren,

                                THAT SHOULD BE KILLED AS THEY WERE, should be fulfilled" (Rev.6:9-11).


            Will history repeat itself?  Your Bibles says it will.  Another martyrdom of saints and true Christians is right around the corner!


                                                            Edom in Prophecy!


            For many decades, the Worldwide Church of God taught that the Biblical prophecies against "Edom" refer to the land of Turkey, and that the "crossroads" mentioned in Obadiah's prophecy refer to the "Dardanelles" straits.  Although it is true that many Edomites settled in Turkey, the tribe of "Teman" in particular, which gave its name to the "Ottoman" Empire -- this fact only shows us that modern Turkey is merely a part or branch of ancient Esau. 


            But the vast majority of the children of Esau migrated to the north and west, just like the children of Israel.  They settled in Europe and the Spanish-speaking lands.  As history shows, the early Spanish kings were descended from ancient "Hercules" -- a title of Esau the famous hunter himself!  And, as history shows, the Italians -- the ancient Chittim --  are a people who mixed and mingled with the children of Esau.  


            Also, remember, ancient Edom was located south of Israel -- not to their "north."  Therefore, when all the evidence is assembled together, it becomes crystal clear that modern Edom includes the nations located "south" of the end-time nations of Israel, today.  The only nations which legitimately fit this description are Italy and Spain in Europe, and Mexico and the LATIN countries in Central and South America!


            The western branch of modern "Edom," or "Esau," in Bible prophecy are the Italian and Hispanic peoples!  Their history parallels that of Jacob's descendants, and the ancient rivalry of the two siblings -- Jacob and Esau -- has been perpetuated down through history between their descendants.


            The location and whereabouts of modern Esau -- or Edom -- stands identified!  Esau’s descendants include the peoples of Italy, Germany Spain, and the Turkish people, the Palestinians, and their offspring!  As was always the case, the descendants of Esau intermarried with the local inhabitants, wherever they migrated.  The resultant nations are none other than the descendants of ancient Edomites.